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Like the Pilgrims, the English Puritans believe that the Church of England is corrupt.
Unlike the Pilgrims, they do not break with the church, but remain a part of it.
Banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Roger Williams establishes a colony he names "Providence" in present-day Rhode Island.
Williams had quarreled with Puritan authorities over their theology, their decision to remain within the Church of England and their failure to pay Native Americans for their land.
By the early 1600s, Franciscan friars report that hundreds of Pueblos are converting to Catholicism, but they notice that many of the "converted" Pueblos continue to practice their own religion.
They ban Native ceremonies, burn religious icons, destroy sacred places and demand the colony's soldiers enforce the one true faith.
The bill is opposed by many who believe religion is essential to the cultivation of a moral citizenry and that religion will wither away without state support.
In 1784, Patrick Henry introduces a bill that would impose a tax to support churches but would allow citizens to designate the church their taxes would support; the following year James Madison writes "Memorial and Remonstrance," a widely circulated pamphlet that makes a strong case against state-supported religion.
By the time of the Revolutionary War, nine colonies have established state religions.In Boston, they establish the Massachusetts Bay Colony and strive to create a model Christian commonwealth.