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This review presents an historical view of ethnozoological research in Brazil and examines its evolution, tendencies, and future perspectives.In examining the development and tendencies of Ethnozoology in Brazil, we analyzed papers published on this theme through March/2011.These naturalists generally compiled lists of native animals together with their regional and scientific names and descriptions of their uses .Nevertheless, the scientific research in the area has been intensifying in recent years, and Brazil is currently one of the most important sources of scientific production in this area.
It is important to note that a number of papers could be classified into more than one category, but for purposes of this revision we considered only the principal theme of the work in deciding its category (e.g.
A number of initiatives began to appear to recuperate zoological data from colonial period documents - an academic area that can be called Historical Ethnozoology.
Nelson Papavero (at the University of São Paolo), Dante Luiz Martins Teixeira (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro), and Hitoshi Nomura (University of São Paolo) have published a series of papers on this theme in Brazil [eg. In analyzing the distribution of publications (scientific periodicals, books and book chapters) over the years we noted that a large majority of the research on this theme (350 (73.3%) of 487 works) were published within just the last ten years (coinciding with an increase in published works in the many areas of ethnosciences in that country).
Ancient connections between animals and human are seen in cultures throughout the world in multiple forms of interaction with the local fauna that form the core of Ethnozoology.
Historically, ethnozoological publications grew out of studies undertaken in academic areas such as zoology, human ecology, sociology and anthropology - reflecting the interdisciplinary character of this discipline.
The rich fauna and cultural diversity found in Brazil, with many different species of animals being used for an extremely wide diversity of purposes by Amerindian societies (as well as the descendents of the original European colonists and African slaves), presents an excellent backdrop for examining the relationships that exist between humans and other animals.